As the seventh volume of their Thomistic Ressourcement series, Catholic University Press has recently published Aquinas and the Theology of the Body: The Thomistic Foundations of John Paul II's Anthropology by Fr. Thomas Petri, O.P.Read More
Many authors have noted developments in Aquinas’ thought over the years. As early as 1280, for instance, a number of Dominicans wrote a work called Articuli in quibus frater Thomas melius in Summa quam in Scriptis locutus est, which documented 32 times Aquinas changed his mind on various topics by comparing the two Summas. In this masterful work of Pasquale Porro, however, changes from the whole Thomistic corpus are documented and traced chronologically. The reader is also provided with both the historical context of the developments in Aquinas' thought and an incisive analysis of the implications and influence such developments have on contemporary discussions. It has been translated from the Italian for CUA Press by Joseph Trabbic and Roger Nutt.
There are a lot of good things that you can access for free at Gallica, a digital text archive of the Bibliothèque National de France. Two years ago I reported that the first 14 volumes of the Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Âge are available there.
A month or so ago I discovered that you can also access all of the volumes of the Revue thomiste from 1893 to 1936 at Gallica. This is incredibly useful. Go here for the complete listing of the available volumes.
While you're there, you might want to spend a little time exploring the rest of Gallica to see what other treasures it yields.
UPDATE: I just realized that there are some gaps in the Revue thomiste volumes at Gallica. Three of those gaps (1915, 1916, 1917) I assume are due to suspension of publication during a part of World War I. I don't know what the explanation is for the other two gaps (1920, 1926). I had originally put "first 39 years" in the title of this post. 39 is the actual number of years that Gallica has volumes for between 1893 and 1936. 43 is simply the number of years between 1893 and 1936. I've decided to go with 43 but with the qualification about the gaps that I mention in this update.
Readers of this page may not naturally think of the CTSA as the prime venue for hearing papers pertaining to their thomistic interest. Thanks to the efforts of many, however (you may note their names as Administrative Team members) , those attending the sessions in San Juan later this week will indeed find many papers of interest in the concurrent sessions.
Here is a sampling:
The 71st Annual Convention of The Catholic Theological Society of America
- Friday Morning, June 10, 2016, Concurrent Sessions 11:00 – 12:45 p.m.
3. Justice and Mercy on the Cross:
San Cristóbal CD
Revisiting Anselm’s theory of Atonement – Selected Session
Convener: Robert J. Barry, Providence College
Moderator: Bruce D. Marshall, Southern Methodist University
Presenter: David L. Whidden III, Our Lady of the Lake College
Paper Title: “Justice and Mercy in God, On the Cross, and In the Classroom: Anselm of Canterbury’s Changing Thought”
Précis: In the Cur Deus Homo, Anselm revisits his discussion of the relationship between between God’s justice and mercy from the Proslogion, where he solved the problem by means of the metaphysics of relations. In the CDH Anselm resolves the same problem Christologically, uniting justice and mercy in the person of Jesus, who makes satisfaction for all humans. We can follow Anselm’s approach with regard to plagiarism cases in way that allows both justice and mercy to be made evident to our students.
Presenter: Brandon R. Peterson, University of Utah
Paper Title: “Would a Forgiving God Need Placation? An Examination of Mercy and Atonement”
Précis: Anselm’s God, whose honor requires satisfaction if sinners aren’t to be eternally damned, has been criticized as unmerciful. Did the father of the prodigal son, critics ask, demand any such payment? Although popular presentations of Anselm’s theory are guilty of this charge, Anselm’s theory of satisfaction itself does not propose the cross as a kind of divine mollification, but rather styles God as mercifully excluding punishment through a gracious transformation of the created order, an order in which his just God constantly delights. The question remains, however, of whether this theory best communicates God’s mercy in today’s contexts.
Presenter: Amanda Alexander, Fordham University
Paper Title: “Bread of Mercy, Stone of Justice: A Eucharistic Reading of Anselm’s Atonement Theory”
Précis: The paper will first establish that, according to Cur Deus-Homo, the work of atonement is two-fold. First, God’s honor must be satisfied. This part of the atonement theory is developed explicitly in CDH with regards to God’s iustitia. The second work of atonement, however, is that the iustitia lost through sin must be restored to redeemed sinners if they are to enjoy beatitude. This paper will argue that, according to the theology implicit in Anselm’s prayers and meditations, this latter work is accomplished through the reception of the eucharist, whereby Christ’s iustitia is restored to the soul of the sinner.
- Friday Afternoon, June 10, 2016, Concurrent Sessions 2:30 – 4:15 p.m.
1. Historical Theology I – Topic Session
San Cristóbal A
Administrative Team: Daria Spezzano, Rita George-Tvrtković, Scott Moringiello
Convener: Scott Moringiello, DePaul University
Moderator: Shawn Colberg, College of Saint Benedict | Saint John’s University
Presenter: Anna Harrison, Loyola Marymount University
Paper Title: “Justice and Mercy in the Purgatorial Piety of the Nuns of Helfta”
Précis: The theological basis for the Helfta nuns’ relationship with purgatory’s inhabitants is their indebtedness to God. This indebtedness has two basic sources, a modified Anselmian atonement theory and a complementary bridal mysticism. They concentrate on their cooperative role with Christ in paying the debt acquired by other human beings – and on their own indebtedness to Christ, which instigates their assumption of the role of co-redeemer with him. They express their consciousness of the need to fulfill their spousal duties to Christ as a desire to gratify God that incorporated God’s own desire to satisfy those whom he loved – including souls in purgatory.
Presenter: Francis Caponi, Villanova University
Paper Title: “‘I will give you what is just’ (Matt 20:4): Thomas Aquinas and the Question of Merited Mercy”
Précis: This paper will argue that Thomas Aquinas presents justice as both the result of, and the indispensable preparation for, the gift of mercy; and the theological pivot of their confluence is the idea of merit. In order to reach this conclusion, I will (1) analyze the patterns of analogical attribution and negation which characterize the predication of divine justice and mercy, (2) discuss the “analogy of justice” in Aquinas’ writings, and (3) consider the processus justificationis and the role of the divinizing grace of the sacraments in achieving that incorporation into Christ which is the reconciliation of sinners.
Presenter: Agnes de Dreuzy, St. Mark’s College, University of British Columbia
Paper Title: “Justice and Mercy in jus post bellum: Pope Benedict XV (1914-1922)’s Overlooked Contribution”
Précis: Benedict XV (1914-1922) is arguably the first pope to offer a new perspective in the debate about justice and mercy in postwar time. He challenged the just war theory as a guarantee for just peace and pleaded for the pardoning of injuries and the practical love of enemies as an act of mercy eventually leading to justice and peace. The pontiff did not intend to create a new theology on justice and mercy. Nevertheless, his understanding of their relationship profoundly transformed papal policy and was adopted especially by John Paul II and the current pope Francis, who both advocate mercy as legitimate political practices.
5. Thomas Aquinas – Consultation
San Cristóbal F
Mercy in the Thomist Tradition
Administrative Team: Gregory LaNave, Anna Bonta Moreland, David Whidden
Convener: Gregory LaNave, Pontifical Faculty of the Immaculate Conception
Moderator: David Whidden, Our Lady of the Lake College
Presenter: Romanus Cessario, O.P., St. John’s Seminary
Paper Title: “Mercy in Aquinas: Help from the Commentatorial Tradition”
Précis: In Summa theologiae, Ia, q. 21, Aquinas treats justice and mercy in God. God’s omnipotence manifests itself in a unique way when he pardons and shows mercy to his creatures. In fact, when we receive mercy for our transgressions, God reveals himself as the Highest Truth. He alone can forgive the creature’s rebellion against the supreme norm for human life. What is better, God not only pardons, he also perfects. An examination of several authors from the Thomist commentatorial tradition will center on Aquinas’s appeal to truth in this question and in IIa-IIae, q. 109 on the truth of life. 17
Respondents: Mark Johnson, Marquette University and Michael Dauphinais, Ave Maria University
9. Creation and Eschatology – Topic Session
Justice and Mercy for all of Creation: Laudato Si’s Contributions to the Doctrines of Creation and Eschatology
Administrative Team: Mary Doak, Steven Rodenborn, Christopher Cimorelli
Convener: Mary Doak, University of San Diego
Moderator: Steven Rodenborn, St. Edward’s University
Presenter: Gregorio Montejo, Boston College
Paper Title: “Creation, Eschatology, Justice, Mercy: Thomas Aquinas in Laudato Si’”
Précis: Thomas Aquinas plays a central role in Laudato Si’, which contains three key Thomistic concepts: The universe as a whole evinces God’s inexhaustible riches, for natural plurality mirrors divine plenitude. The ultimate purpose of other creatures is not to be found in us, since creation is moving towards a common eschatological goal. God’s intimate presence in the world is a continuation of the work of creation. These insights culminate in justice, since justice directs our rightful relations to other creatures, and mercy, because the very act of creation discloses that the world is the result of God’s merciful love.
- Saturday Morning, June 11, 2016, Concurrent Sessions 11:00 a.m. – 12:45 p.m.
11. Theological Diversity – Invited Session
San Gerónimo C
Theological Perspectives on Revelation
Daniel Finn, Richard R. Gaillardetz, James F. Keating, Christopher Ruddy
Convener: Christopher Ruddy, Catholic University of America
Moderator: Kristin Colberg, College of Saint Benedict | Saint John’s University
Presenter: James Keating, Providence College
Title: “What Difference Does It Make that God Has Spoken?”
Précis: Theological disagreements between conservative and liberal theologians are often disagreements over how what God has revealed ought to function in theology. Conservative theology is marked by a concern, even anxiety, that God’s revealed Word enjoys priority over all human ideas and desires. They insist priority requires a degree of objectivity for revelation, both with respect to how it is distinguished from what is not revealed and in the content God has revealed. In modern Catholic theology prior to Vatican II, the objective character was most often expressed in a propositional understanding of divine revelation and Church teaching. Since the Council, the propositional approach has been subjected to continual attack both from conservative and liberal theologians alike, However, the difference is that conservatives remain convinced that apart from an objective character, God’s revelation cannot make the difference for theological reflection that it must.
Presenter: John Thiel, Fairfield University
Title: “The Literal Sense of Tradition: Does It Stretch or Will It Break?”
Précis: This paper approaches a theology of revelation by considering issues about which Catholic theologians of traditionalist and progressivist sensibilities are inclined to disagree. These neuralgic issues do not involve disagreements about how God reveals in scripture or even about the content of scripture. Rather Catholic theological disagreements concern how divine revelation is communicated and received in tradition. This paper delineates a theology of tradition that intends to bridge this divide, and offers an account of different traditionalist and progressivist judgments about the beauty of tradition that need to be mutually appreciated in the Church.
- Saturday Afternoon, June 11, 2016, Concurrent Session 2:30 – 4:15 p.m.
2. Historical Theology II – Topic Session
San Cristóbal B
Administrative Team: Daria Spezzano, Rita George-Tvrtković, Scott Moringiello
Convener: Daria Spezzano, Providence College
Moderator: Jim Lee, Southern Methodist University
Presenter: Khaled Anatolios, University of Notre Dame
Paper Title: “Justice and Mercy in Athanasius’s Soteriology”
Précis: The correlation of justice and mercy has traditionally been one of the key components of the exposition of soteriological doctrine. Modern theology, however, has often denigrated "judicial" accounts of Christ's salvific work, and identified such accounts with the medieval Western tradition, which is typically contrasted with the Greek Patristic conception of salvation as deification. In refutation of this narrative, this paper will analyze the correlation of divine justice and mercy in the soteriological doctrine of one of the great Greek theologians of deification, Athanasius of Alexandria.
Presenter: Bruce D. Marshall, Southern Methodist University
Paper Title: “Tolle me et redime te: Anselm and Aquinas on the Justice and Mercy of God”
Précis: In his Proslogion Anselm looks for a way of understanding the harmony of God’s mercy and justice, but evidently finds it only much later, at the end of the Cur Deus homo. His argument there suggests that only the cross harmonizes God’s mercy and justice, and thus that the cross is necessary for God. Yet Anselm is not willing to grant that the cross is necessary; still less, later on, is Thomas Aquinas. How then can we understand mercy and justice to coincide on the cross, yet not see the cross as necessary for the coincidence of mercy and justice?
Sapientia Press has released the second edition of Wisdom in the Face of Modernity, A Study in Thomistic Natural Theology.
In this remarkable presentation of Aquinas’ natural theology, Fr. Thomas Joseph White attempts to not only clearly present the Angelic Doctor’s teaching, but to also respond to challenges brought forward by modern authors.
In response to the criticisms of ontotheology by Kant and Heidegger and their claims that the philosophical arguments presented by scholastics such as Aquinas are no longer tenable, White argues that they gravely misunderstood the philosophical presuppositions of classical natural theology. St. Thomas, White insists, would not have appealed to an aprioristic kind of intuition of God as Kant and Heidegger seem to presuppose he would have.
One of the major goals of the book is to explain the order of metaphysical discovery in terms of what Aquinas refers to as a via intentionis (according to which man begins with his experiential knowledge of that which exists and then goes on to analyze the metaphysical structure of concrete beings by means of a posteriori arguments). In this context, he examines the claims of Gilson, Maritain and Rahner regarding the order of discovery and maintains that a renewed appreciation of St. Thomas’ Aristotelianism could help us correct some of the defects in their otherwise meritorious contributions.
Finally, the book also investigates the ways that the study of natural theology can affect the study of theology. Interestingly, White considers the apophatic and cataphatic aspects of Aquinas from a philosophical point of view while pointing out that even if we can know something about what God is by means of analogy, the human mind naturally has some conception of its inadequacy and thus even on the natural level has some kind of velleity for a more perfect knowledge of God.
This edition has three new appendices :
- Philosophical Wisdom and the Final End of Man: Thomas Aquinas and the Paradigm of Nature-Grace Orthodoxy
- Divine Names
- On the Nature of Christian Philosophy: A Response to Critics